Footnotes -- Articles Referred to on Our Web Site

Further Reading: References Cited

Bartley, D.M. and K.M. Leber (Eds) (2004) Case Studies of the Effectiveness of Stocking Aqucultured Fishes and Invertebrates to Replenish and Enhance Coastal Fisheries. Fishery Technical Paper No. 429. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Rome, Italy. 213 pp.

Bartley, D.M., D.B. Kent and M.A. Drawbridge (1995). Conservation of genetic diversity in a white seabass hatchery enhancement program in southern California. Am. Fish. Soc. Symp., 15: 249-258.

Beal, B. F. (1991) The fate of hatchery-reared juveniles of Mya arenaria L. in the field: How predation and competition are affected by initial clam size and stocking density. Journal of Shellfish Research. 10(1):292-293.

Bell, J.D., K.M. Leber, H.L. Blankenship, N. Loneragan and R. Masuda (2008) A new era for restocking, stock enhancement and sea ranching of coastal fisheries resources. Reviews in Fisheries Science 16: 1-8. see Abstract

Bell, J.D., D.M. Bartley, K. Lorenzen and N.R. Loneragan (Eds) (2006) Restocking and stock enhancement of coastal fisheries: Potential, problems and progress. Fisheries Research, 80:1-8.

Bell, J. D., P. C. Rothlisberg, J. R. Monro, N. R. Loneragan, W. J. Nash, R. D. Ward, and N. L. Andrew (eds) (2005) Restocking and Stock Enhancement of Marine Invertebrate Fisheries, Advances in Marine Biology, 49:1-370.

Bilton, H. T., D. F. Alderdice and J. T. Schnute (1982) Influence of Time and Size at Release of Juvenile Coho Salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) on Returns at Maturity. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 39:426-447.

Blankenship, H. L. and K. M. Leber (1995) A responsible approach to marine stock enhancement. In Uses and  effects of cultured fishes in aquatic ecosystems. American Fisheries Society Symposium 15:165-175. see PDF

Blaylock, R. B., Leber, K. M., Lotz, J. M., and D. A. Ziemann (2000). The U.S. Gulf of Mexico Marine Stock Enhancement Program (USGMSEP): The use of aquaculture technology in “responsible” stock enhancement. Bull. Aquac. Assoc. Can., 100:16-22.

Coleman, F., J. Travis and A.B. Thistle (eds) (1998) Marine stock enhancement: a new perspective. Bulletin of Marine Science 62(2):303-714.

Cowx, I.G. (1994) Stocking strategies. Fishies Management and Ecolology, 1:15–31.

Danielssen D. S., B. R. Howell, and E. Moksness (Eds) (1994) Aquaculture and Fisheries Management 24 (Suppl. 1), 264 pp.

Eggleston, D. B., E. G. Johnson, G. T. Kellison, G. R. Plaia and C. L. Huggett (2008). Pilot evaluation of early juvenile blue crab stock enhancement using a replicated BACI design. Rev. Fish. Sci., 16(1-3): 91-100.

Fairchild, E.A., J. Fleck and W.H. Howell (2005). Determining an optimal release site for juvenile winter flounder Pseudopleuronectes americanus (Walbaum) in the Great Bay estuary, NH, USA. Aq. Res., 36:1374-1383.

Freidlander, A.M. and D.A. Ziemann (2003). Impact of hatchery releases on the recreational fishery for Pacific threadfin (Polydactylus sexfilis) in Hawaii. Fish. Bull., 101: 32-43.

Gardner, C. and E. I. Van Putten (2008). The economic feasibility of translocating rock lobsters in increase yield. Rev. Fish. Sci. 16(1-3):154-163.

Hager, R. C. and R. E. Noble (1976) Relation of size at release of hatchery-reared coho salmon to age, size, and sex composition of returning adults. The Progressive Fish-Culturist 38:144-147.

Hervas, S., K. Lorenzen, M.A. Shane and M.A. Drawbridge (2010). Quantitative assessment of a white seabass (Atractoscion nobilis) stock enhancement program in California: post-release dispersal, growth and survival. Fisheries Research 105:237-243.

Hilborn, R. (1999) Confessions of a reformed hatchery basher. Fisheries 24(5):30-31.

Hilborn, R. (1998) The economic performance of marine stock enhancement projects. Bulletin of Marine Science 62(2), 661-674.

Hilborn R. & C.J. Walters (1992) Quantitative Fisheries Stock Assessment, Chapman and Hall, New York and London. 570 pp.

Howell, B. R., E. Moksness, and T. Svåsand (1999) Stock Enhancement and Sea Ranching. Blackwell Science Ltd., Oxford. 606 pp.

Jenkins, W.E., M.R. Denson, C.B. Bridgham, M.R. Collins, and T.I.J. Smith (2004). N. Am. J. Fish. Manage., 24:636-647.

Karlsson, S., E. Saillant, B.W. Bumguardner, R.R. Vega and J.R. Gold (2008). Genetic identification of hatchery-released red drum in Texas bays and estuaries. N. Am. J. Fish. Manage. 28: 1294-1304.

Kirk, R. (1987) A history of marine fish culture in Europe and North America. Fishing News Books, Ltd. Farnham. 192 pp.

Kitada, S. Effectiveness of Japan’s stock enhancement programmes: Current perspectives (1999). Pp 103-131 In B.R. Howell, E. Moksness and T. Svåsand (eds) Stock Enhancement and Sea Ranching. Oxford: Fishing News Books, Blackwell Science Ltd.

Kitada S., K. Hiramatsu, & H. Kishino (1992) Effectiveness of a stock enhancement program evaluated by a two-stage sampling survey of commercial landings. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and  Aquatic Science. 49, 1573-1582.

Kristiansen, T.S. and T. Svåsand (1990) Enhancement studies of coastal cod in western Norway. Part III: Interrelationaships between reared and indigenous cod in a a nearly land-locked fjord. J. Cons. Int. Explor. Mer: ICES Journal of Marine Science 47:23-29.

Kuhn T.S. (1970) The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, 2nd edition. University of Chicago Press, Ltd., London.

Kuwada, H., R. Masuda, T. Kobayashi, S. Shiozawa, T. Kogane, K. Imaizumi and K. Tsukamoto (2000). Effects of fish size, handling stresses and training procedure on the swimming behaviour of hatchery-reared striped jack: implications for stock enhancement. Aquaculture 185:245-256.

Kuwada, H., R. Masuda, T. Kobayashi, T. Kogane, T. Miyazaki, K. Imaizumi and K. Tsukamoto (2004). Releasing technique in striped jack marine ranching: Pre-release acclimation and presence of decoys to improve recapture rates. pp 106-116 In Leber, K.M., S. Kitada, H.L. Blankenship and T. Svåsand (Eds.). Stock Enhancement and Sea Ranching: Developments, Pitfalls and Opportunities. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing.

Leber, K.M. ( 2013) Marine Fisheries Enhancement: Coming of Age in the New Millennium. In: Paul Christou et al. (eds) Sustainable Food Production. DOI 10.1007/978-1-4614-5797-8, Springer Science+Business Media New York.

Leber, K.M., R.N. Cantrell and PS. Leung. (2005)  Optimizing cost-effectiveness of size at release in stock enhancement programs. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 25:1596-1608.

Leber, K. M. (2004) Marine Stock Enhancement in the USA: Status, trends and needs. Pp 11-24 In Stock Enhancement and Sea Ranching: Developments, Pitfalls and Opportunities. 2nd Edition. (Ed. by K.M. Leber, S. Kitada, T. Svåsand and H.L. Blankenship) Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford. 562 pages.

Leber, K. M., S. Kitada, T. Svåsand and H.L. Blankenship (eds) (2004) Stock Enhancement and Sea Ranching: Developments, Pitfalls and Opportunities. 2nd Edition. Blackwell Publishing, Oxford. 562 pages.

Leber, K. M. (2002) Advances in marine stock enhancement: shifting emphasis to theory and accountability. Pp 79-90 In Stickney, R. R. and J. P. McVey (eds) Responsible Marine Aquaculture CABI Publishing, New York.

Leber, K. M. (1999) Rationale for an Experimental Approach to Stock Enhancement. Pages 63-75 in Stock Enhancement and Sea Ranching (Ed. by B.R. Howell, E. Moksness, and T. Svåsand) Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford. 606 pages.

Leber, K. M., N. P. Brennan and S. M. Arce (1998). Recruitment patterns of juvenile, cultured Pacific threadfin, Polydactylus sexfilis (Polynemidae), released along sandy marine shores in Hawaii. Bull. Mar. Sci., 62:389-408.

Leber, K. M., H. L. Blankenship, S. M. Arce, and N. P. Brennan (1997). Influence of release season on size-dependent survival of cultured striped mullet, Mugil cephalus, in a Hawaiian estuary.  Fish. Bull. US., 95: 267-279.

Leber, K. M., S. M. Arce, D. A. Sterritt, and N. P. Brennan (1996). Marine stock-enhancement potential in nursery habitats of striped mullet, Mugil cephalus, in Hawaii. Fish. Bull. US., 94:452-471.

Leber, K. M. (1995) Significance of fish size-at-release on enhancement of striped mullet fisheries in Hawaii. Journal World Aquaculture Society 26(2):143-153.

Leber, K. M. (1994) Prioritizing marine fishes for stock enhancement in Hawaii. The Oceanic Institute. 36 pp.

Le Vay, L., M. J. H. Lebata, M. Walton, J. Primavera, E. Quinitio, C. Lavilla-Pitogo, F. Parado-Estepa, E. Rodriguez, V. N. Ut, T. T. Nghia, P. Sorgeloos and M. Wille (2008). Approaches to stock enhancement in mangrove-associated crab fisheries. Rev. Fish. Sci., 16: 72-80.

Lockwood, S. J. (ed) (1991) The Ecology and Management Aspects of Extensive Mariculture. International Council for Exploration of the Sea Marine Science Symposium 192, 248 pp.

Lorenzen, K., K. M. Leber and H. L. Blankenship. (2010) Responsible approach to marine stock enhancement: An update. 2010. Reviews in Fisheries Science 18(2):189-210.

Lorenzen, K. (2008) Understanding and managing fisheries enhancement systems. Reviews in Fisheries Sci 16: 10-23. see Abstract

Lorenzen, K. (2006) Population management in fisheries enhancement: gaining key information from release experiments through use of a size-dependent mortality model. Fisheries Research 80:19-27.

Lorenzen, K. (2005) Population dynamics and potential of fisheries stock enhancement: practical theory for assessment and policy analysis. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Series B. 260: 171-189. pdf file >>read now...

Lorenzen, K. (1995) Population dynamics and management of culture-based fisheries. Fisheries Management and Ecology 2: 61-73

Masuda, R. and K. Tsukamoto (1998) Stock enhancement in Japan: Review and perspective. Bulletin of Marine Science 62(2):337-358.

McEachron, L. W., R. L. Colura, B. W. Bumguardner and R. Ward (1998) Survival of stocked red drum in Texas. Bulletin of Marine Science 62(2):359-368

Medley, P.A.H. and Lorenzen, K. (2006) EnhanceFish: A decision support tool for aquaculture-based fisheries enhancement. Imperial College/DFID. >> read more

Mobrand, L.E., J. Barr, L. Blankenship, D.E. Campton, T.T.P. Evelyn, T.A. Flagg, C.V.W. Mahnken, L.W. Seeb, P.R. Seidel and W.W. Smoker. Hatchery Reform in Washington State. Fisheries, 30(6): 11-23 (2005).

Munro J. L. & J.D. Bell (1997) Enhancement of Marine Fisheries Resources. Reviews in Fisheries Science, 5(2), 185-222.

Platt J. R. (1964) Strong Inference. Science 146:347-353.

Popper, K. R. (1965) Conjectures and Refutations, the Growth of Scientific Knowledge. Harper and Row, New York. 417 pp.

Popper, K. R. (1959) The logic of scientific discovery. Routledge, London.

Potter, I. C., D. J. W. French, G. I. Jenkins, S. A. Hesp, N. G. Hall and S. de Lestang (2008). Comparisons of growth and gonadal development of otolith-stained cultured black bream, Acanthopagrus butcheri, in an estuary with those of its wild stock. Rev. Fish. Sci., 16:303-316.

Pruder, G.D., D.A. Ziemann, K.M. Leber, J.M. Lotz, W.E. Hawkins and L.D. Conquest (1999) U.S. Gulf of Mexico marine stock enhancement program: Program management for planning, execution, review and evaluation. Bulletin National Research Institute of Aquaculture, Suppl. 1:89-99.

Purcell, S. W. and M. Simutoga (2008). Spatio-temporal and size-dependent variation in the success of releasing cultured sea cucumbers in the wild. Rev. Fish. Sci., 16: 204-214.

Sass, G.G. and M.S. Allen. 2014. Foundations of Fisheries Science. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, Maryland.

Schramm, H.L. Jr. & R.G. Piper (Eds.) (1995) Uses and effects of cultured fishes in aquatic ecosystems. American Fisheries Society Symposium 15, 608 pp.

Shelbourne, J.E. (1964) The Artificial Propagation of Marine Fish. Advances in Marine Biology 2:1-83.

Smith, T.I.J., W.E. Jenkins, M.R. Denson and M.R. Collins (2003). Stock enhancement research with anadromous and marine fishes in South Carolina. Pp 175-190 in Nakamura, Y., J.P.  McVey, S. Fox, K. Churchill, C. Neidig and K. Leber (eds). Ecology of Aquaculture Species and Enhancement of Stocks. Proceedings of the Thirtieth U.S.—Japan Meeting on Aquaculture, Sarasota, Florida, 3-4 December, 2001. UJNR Technical Report No. 30. Sarasota, FL: Mote Marine Laboratory.

Støttrup, J. G., J. L. Overton, H. Paulsen, C. Möllmann, J. Tomkiewicz, P. B. Pedersen, and P. Lauesen (2008). Rationale for restocking the Eastern Baltic cod stock. Rev. Fish. Sci., 16: 58-64.

Svåsand T., K.E. Jorstad & T.S. Kristiansen (1990) Enhancement studies of coastal cod in western Norway. Part I. Recruitment of wild and reared cod to a local spawning stock. Journal du Conseil International pour l’Exploration de la Mer, 47, 30-39.

Svåsand T. & T.S. Kristiansen (1990a) Enhancement studies of coastal cod in western Norway. Part II. Migration of reared coastal cod. Journal du Conseil International pour l’Exploration de la Mer, 47, 13-22.

Svåsand T. & T.S. Kristiansen (1990b) Enhancement studies of coastal cod in western Norway. Part IV. Mortality of reared cod after release. Journal du Conseil International pour l’Exploration de la Mer, 47, 30-39.

Taylor, M.D., P.J. Palmer, D.S. Fielder and I.M. Suthers (2005). Responsible estuarine finfish stock enhancement: an Australian perspective. J. Fish Biol.,  67: 299-331.

Taylor, M. D. and I M. Suthers (2008). A predatory impact model and targeted stock enhancement approach for optimal release of mulloway (Argyrosomus japonicus). Rev. Fish. Sci., 16:125-134.

Tsukamoto, K., H. Kuwada, J. Hirokawa, M. Oya, S. Sekiya, H. Fujimoto and K. Imaizumi (1989) Size-dependent mortality of red sea bream, Pagrus major, juveniles released with fluorescent otolith-tags in News Bay. Journal of Fish Biology 35:59-69.

Tringali, M.D. and K. M. Leber (1999) Genetic considerations during the experimental and expanded phases of snook stock enhancement. Bull. National Research Institute Aquaculture (Japan) Suppl. 1:109-119.  pdf file  >>read now...

Tringali, M.D. (2006) A Bayesian approach for the genetic tracking of cultured and released individuals. Fisheries Research 77:159–172.  pdf file  >>read now...

Tringali, M. D., T. M. Bert, F. Cross, J. W. Dodrill, L . M. Gregg, W. G. Halstead, R. A. Krause, K. M. Leber, K. Mesner, W. Porak, D. Roberts, R. Stout and D. Yeager (2007). Genetic Policy for the Release of Finfishes in Florida. Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, Florida Fish and Wildlife Research Institute Publication No. IHR-2007-001.  pdf file  >>read now...

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Walters, C. J., & F. Juanes (1993) Recruitment limitation as a consequence of natural selection for use of restricted feeding habitats and predation risk taking by juvenile fishes. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science, 50, 2058-2070.

Walters C.J. & R. Hilborn (1978) Ecological optimization and adaptive management. Annual Reviews of Ecology and Systematics, 9, 157-88.

Zohar, Y., A.H. Hines, O. Zmora, E.G. Johnson, R.N. Lipcius, R.D. Seitz, D.B. Eggleston, A.R. Place, E.J. Schott, J.D. Stubblefield and J.S. Chung (2008). The Chesapeake Bay Blue Crab: (Callinectes sapidus): A multidisciplinary approach to responsible stock enhancement. Reviews in Fishery Science 16(1-3):24-34.  see Abstract